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The present city was founded in the early 18th century by Bhakt Buland, a Gond prince of the kingdom of Deogad in the Chhindwara district. Seeing the advantage of civilized life in Delhi, he started to build Nagpur as his new capital. His successor Chand Sultan continued the work. On Chand Sultan's death in 1739, disputes regarding succession arose and Raghuji Bhonsle, the Maratha governor of Berar, helped to restore the elder son to the throne. As the dissentions continued, Raghuji Bhonsle again intervened in 1743, and the control of Nagpur slowly passed on from the Gonds to the Marathas. It became the capital of the Bhonsles.

With the Bhonsle dynasty came the vast class of cultivators in Vidarbha. Raghuji's successors lost some territories to the Peshwas of Pune and the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1803, Bhonsles (along with their allies Scindias [Shinde] of Gwalior) at Assaye and Argaon (Argaum). In 1811 Pindaris attacked Nagpur. Bhonsles again lost to the British in 1817 and Nagpur came under British influence. In 1853 Raghuji III died without an heir to his kingdom. As a result, the city lapsed into British control under Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse. { This policy was one of the reasons which led to the Indian War of Independence [Sepoys' Mutiny : as referred to by the British] in 1857}

In 1861, Nagpur became the capital of the Central Provinces. The advent of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIP) in 1867 spurred its development as a trade centre. After Indian independence, Nagpur became the capital of Madhya Bharat state (C.P. and Berar). In 1960, the marathi majority Vidarbha region was merged with the new state of Maharashtra and Nagpur was designated the second capital of Maharashtra state, alternating with Mumbai (Bombay) as the seat of the Maharashtra state legislature.

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica

Following is the brief timeline chart of history of Nagpur.

10th Century A.D. -The name Nagpur appears for first time on record

Early 18th century A.D. - Nagpur city founded by the Gond king "Bakht Buland" of Devgad. He founded the city by joining the twelve small hamlets formerly known as "Rajapur Barasa" or "Barasta"

? Nagpur becomes the capital of the Bhonsles
1769 Nagpur burnt in 1769 and again partially burnt in 1811 by the Pendharis
1817 The battle of Sitabuldi & Nagpur fought which secured British influence in these territories
1853 Nagpur was incorporated into the British territory.
1854 Mr. Mansel takes charge of Nagpur as the first commissioner
1861 Nagpur city becomes the capital of Central Provinces
1867 First train steams out of the city
1901 C.P. Club founded
1911 The Hitavada a leading english daily launched
1912 Foundation stone of Vidhan Sabha laid
1923 Nagpur University founded
1934 Gondwana Club founded, Nav Bharat a leading Hindi daily launched
1947 AIR founded
1950 Nagpur made capital of M.P. state
1956 Dr. Ambedkar converts thousands of dalits to Buddhism at Deeksha Bhoomi
1960 Nagpur passed onto Maharashtra State
1972 Thomson Corporation founded
1985 JT Software launched

Well, this is not the most extensive report on Nagpur history, You are free to contribute if you feel that you have information which might be of general interest, we will be glad to hear your story. If found worth while it will be put on the net & your contribution will be acknowledged.

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