"Jesus said unto her I am the resurrection, and the life; he that believeth in me,
though he were dead, yet shall he live; And whosoever liveth and
believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?"
originally a Saxon word (Eostre), denoting a goddess of the Saxons, in honour of whom sacrifices were offered about the time of the Passover. Hence the name came to be given to the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occurred at the time of the Passover. In the early English versions this word was frequently used as the translation of the Greek pascha (the Passover). When the Authorized Version (1611) was formed, the word "Passover" was used in all passages in which this word pascha occurred, except in Acts 12:4. In the Revised Version the proper word, "Passover," is always used.
|List of Easter Sunday Dates 2000-2099|
23rd April 2000 20th April 2025 10th April 2050 7th April 2075 15th April 2001 5th April 2026 2nd April 2051 19th April 2076 31st March 2002 28th March 2027 21st April 2052 11th April 2077 20th April 2003 16th April 2028 6th April 2053 3rd April 2078 11th April 2004 1st April 2029 29th March 2054 23rd April 2079 27th March 2005 21st April 2030 18th April 2055 7th April 2080 16th April 2006 13th April 2031 2nd April 2056 30th March 2081 8th April 2007 28th March 2032 22nd April 2057 19th April 2082 23rd March 2008 17th April 2033 14th April 2058 4th April 2083 12th April 2009 9th April 2034 30th March 2059 26th March 2084 4th April 2010 25th March 2035 18th April 2060 15th April 2085 24th April 2011 13th April 2036 10th April 2061 31st March 2086 8th April 2012 5th April 2037 26th March 2062 20th April 2087 31st March 2013 25th April 2038 15th April 2063 11th April 2088 20th April 2014 10th April 2039 6th April 2064 3rd April 2089 5th April 2015 1st April 2040 29th March 2065 16th April 2090 27th March 2016 21st April 2041 11th April 2066 8th April 2091 16th April 2017 6th April 2042 3rd April 2067 30th March 2092 1st April 2018 29th March 2043 22nd April 2068 12th April 2093 21st April 2019 17th April 2044 14th April 2069 4th April 2094 12th April 2020 9th April 2045 30th March 2070 24th April 2095 4th April 2021 25th March 2046 19th April 2071 15th April 2096 17th April 2022 14th April 2047 10th April 2072 31st March 2097 9th April 2023 5th April 2048 26th March 2073 20th April 2098 31st March 2024 18th April 2049 15th April 2074 12th April 2099
|How is Easter Sunday Date Determined?|
Easter Sunday is the Sunday following the Paschal Full Moon (PFM) date for the year. (Paschal is pronounced "PAS-KUL", not "pas-chal"). See Christian Prayer Books for proof of this concise definition.
In June 325 A.D. astronomers approximated astronomical full moon dates for the Christian church, calling them Ecclesiastical Full Moon (EFM) dates. From 326 A.D. the PFM date has always been the EFM date after March 20 (which was the equinox date in 325 A.D.)
From 1583, each PFM date differs from an Astronomical Full Moon (AFM) date usually by no more than 1 date, and never by more than 3 dates. (Each AFM is a two-dates event due to world time zones. Each PFM is a one-date event world-wide).
Easter Sunday is the date of the annual celebration of Christ's resurrection. The aim of the Easter Dating Method is to maintain, for each Easter Sunday, the same season of the year and the same relationship to the preceding astronomical full moon that occurred at the time of his resurrection in 30 A.D.
This was achieved in 1583 A.D. using skill and common-sense by Pope Gregory the 13th, and his astronomers and mathematicians, predominantly Lilius and Clavius, by introducing their new larger (revised) PFM Gregorian dates table. This replaced the (original) 326 A.D. "19 PFM dates" table in the Julian calendar.
Easter Sunday, from 326 A.D., is always one of the 35 dates March 22 to April 25.
From 31 A.D. to 325 A.D. Easter Day was celebrated either:
(a) on or just after the first day of the Jewish Passover (no matter on which day of the week that Easter Day occurred), or
(b) on a Sunday close to or on the first Passover Day.
Both of these methods existed continuously throughout this period.
From 326 A.D. to 1582 A.D. Easter Sunday date was based on the Julian calendar in use at that time. It became defined as the Sunday following the Paschal Full Moon date for the year, using a simple "19 PFM dates" table. Precise information on this subject can be found on pages 415 to 425 of the Explanatory Supplement to the 1961 Astronomical Ephemeris.
The Julian calendar was replaced by the Gregorian calendar in October 1582 to re-align March 20 (and therefore Easter) with the seasons by removing 10 dates October 5 to 14, 1582. This replacement did not occur until later in many countries e.g. in September 1752 in England. ENGLISH Easter Sunday dates for 1583 to 1752 can be calculated using information near the end of this Easter Dating Method document.
The Gregorian calendar very closely maintains the alignment of seasons and calendar dates by having leap years in only 1 of every 4 century years, namely, those divisible exactly by 400. One additional February 29 date will need to be removed in about 4140 A.D., therefore Easter calculations will need to use the changed Days of Week of PFM dates when the exact year for this removal is decided.
Despite never-ending references to March 21, this date, unlike March 20, has never had any special significance either to any Easter Dating Method or to any major Astronomical event (e.g. an Equinox). From 326 A.D., the Easter Sunday Date for any given year is NOT determined by the March Equinox date for that year.
Orthodox churches became fully autonomous in 1054 A.D., and celebrate their Easter always on the basis of the Julian calendar and the "19 PFM dates" table. The Julian calendar date Thursday October 4, 1582 was followed by the Gregorian calendar date Friday October 15, 1582. The 10 dates October 5 to 14 were removed.
Consequently, their Easter Sunday dates are identical up to 1582, then from 1583 onwards often differ from those of Western churches.
In some years the Orthodox Easter Sunday occurs on the same day as the Western Easter Sunday. For example, this occurred in 1990 because the Western Easter Sunday date of (Gregorian calendar) April 15, 1990 is the same as the Orthodox Easter Sunday date of (Julian calendar) April 2, 1990. In most years, Orthodox Easter follows Western Easter by one or more weeks.
To determine the Orthodox Easter Sunday date, it is first necessary to find the Julian Easter Sunday date, then to add the number of days which have been "skipped" in the Gregorian calendar.